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  • ​Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco and Drug use Among Adolescents in the Mediterranean Region

     

     

    Autores: Richard Muscat, Sabrina Molinaro, Elisa Benedetti

    This second report on the prevalence of the use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs follows that of the first attempt to do so among adolescents in nine countries in the Mediterranean region in 2015 captured in “A first glance of the situation in the Mediterranean region in relation to the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and drug use among adolescents”. 

    • In this second report twelve countries provide prevalence estimates and the respective confidence intervals for the use of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and medication with and without medical prescription. Six of the countries, i.e. Cyprus (CY), Greece (GR), France (FR), Italy (IT), Malta (MT) and Portugal (PT), border the northern rim of the Mediterranean whereas the other six countries, namely, Algeria (DZ), Egypt (EG), Israel (IL), Lebanon (LB), Morocco (MA) and Tunisia (TN) border the southern rim of the Mediterranean. Moreover, it would be more accurate to state that four countries from the southern rim, Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia form part of North Africa whereas Israel and Lebanon can be considered to be part of the Middle East.
    • In relation to the lifetime prevalence of the use of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and medication with and without a prescription, alcohol by a far way tops the prevalence list of substances for the countries bordering the northern rim of the Mediterranean. To the contrary, or at the other end of the scale, lifetime prevalence of the use of medication without a prescription, is at the bottom of the list for all of the twelve countries, and is in the region of 5% as can be seen from the figures given below...

     

    2017_PPG_Med (2017)_MedSPAD Committee Prevalence in Med Region Repor_en.pdf
  • Tratamento de Dependências - Evolução do Sistema Português 1958 - 2014

    ​​​Autor: João Pedro Augusto 

    "Este documento procura reunir de forma ordenada e sistematizada, informação sobre a evolução histórica do sector de tratamento de dependências em Portugal nas últimas cinco décadas (1958-2014). É efetuada uma rigorosa e pormenorizada compilação de acontecimentos relacionados com o aparecimento e desenvolvimento do sector, recolhendo dados de fontes distintas e agregando um conjunto significativo de informação dispersa que não é de fácil compreensão mesmo para especialistas, permitindo, no limite, também a um leigo olhar para esta área com um sentido crítico, baseando-se em evidências fatuais e publicadas...."  

  • Synthetic Worlds: The Business and Culture of Online Games

    ​Autor: Edward Castronova 

    "From EverQuest to World of Warcraft, online games have evolved from the exclusive domain of computer geeks into an extraordinarily lucrative staple of the entertainment industry. People of all ages and from all walks of life now spend thousands of hours—and dollars—partaking in this popular new brand of escapism. But the line between fantasy and reality is starting to blur. Players have created virtual societies with governments and economies of their own whose currencies now trade against the dollar on eBay at rates higher than the yen. And the players who inhabit these synthetic worlds are starting to spend more time online than at their day jobs.
     
    In Synthetic Worlds, Edward Castronova offers the first comprehensive look at the online game industry, exploring its implications for business and culture alike. He starts with the players, giving us a revealing look into the everyday lives of the gamers—outlining what they do in their synthetic worlds and why. He then describes the economies inside these worlds to show how they might dramatically affect real world financial systems, from potential disruptions of markets to new business horizons. Ultimately, he explores the long-term social consequences of online games: If players can inhabit worlds that are more alluring and gratifying than reality, then how can the real world ever compete? Will a day ever come when we spend more time in these synthetic worlds than in our own? Or even more startling, will a day ever come when such questions no longer sound alarmist but instead seem obsolete?" 
     

    Disponível no Centro de Documentação

  • Embodying Culture : Pregnancy in Japan and Israel

    Autor: Tsipy Ivry 

    "Embodying Culture is an ethnographically grounded exploration of pregnancy in two different cultures—Japan and Israel—both of which medicalize pregnancy. Tsipy Ivry focuses on "low-risk" or "normal" pregnancies, using cultural comparison to explore the complex relations among ethnic ideas about procreation, local reproductive politics, medical models of pregnancy care, and local modes of maternal agency.

    The ethnography pieces together the voices of pregnant Japanese and Israeli women, their doctors, their partners, the literature they read, and depicts various clinical encounters such as ultrasound scans, explanatory classes for amniocentesis, birthing classes, and special pregnancy events.

    The emergent pictures suggest that athough experiences of pregnancy in Japan and Israel differ, pregnancy in both cultures is an energy-consuming project of meaning-making— suggesting that the sense of biomedical technologies are not only in the technologies themselves but are assigned by those who practice and experience them."
     

     Disponível no Centro de Documentação

  • Sanctioning Pregnancy: A Psychological Perspective on the Paradoxes and Culture of Research (Women and Psychology)

    Autores: ​​ Harriet Gross, Helen Pattison 

    "Pregnancy provides a very public, visual confirmation of femininity. It is a time of rapid physical and psychological adjustment for women and is surrounded by stereotyping, taboos and social expectations. This book seeks to examine these popular attitudes towards pregnancy and to consider how they influence women’s experiences of being pregnant. 

    Sanctioning Pregnancy offers a unique critique of sociocultural constructions of pregnancy and the ways in which it is represented in contemporary culture, and examines the common myths which exist about diet, exercise and work in pregnancy, alongside notions of risk and media portrayals of pregnant women. Topics covered include: 
    • Do pregnant women change their diet and why?
    • Is memory really impaired in pregnancy?
    • How risky behaviour is defined from exercise to employment
    • The biomedical domination of pregnancy research.
    Different theoretical standpoints are critically examined, including a medico-scientific model, feminist perspectives and bio-psychosocial and psychodynamic approaches." 
     
    Disponível no Centro de Documentação 
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